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plant guide for Agva in trekking routes


In this section you will find information about different species of plants in Agva. We'll keep updating this section so please help us imrove the site by your observations and plant photographs on the area. 






Belonging to Amaryllidaceae family, the Sea Daffodil (Pancratium maritimum) is a type of bulbous plant with white flowers, which grows in the Black Sea region’s south coastal dunes. This plant blooms during August and September. Even though they are bountiful in Agva beaches, it is illegal to take this plant’s bulbs out of country. With their white flowers, the sea daffodils which represent beauty and grace are in the brink of extinction due to several reasons; their natural environments are being used as beaches, the picnic garbage’ are being cleared by rakes, people stomp on those plants without knowing their existence and also they are being harvested to be used for decoration purposes in households.

Due to the fact that the sea daffodil holds more than 150 alkaloids, they are also being used for pharmaceutical purposes; however sea daffodils are under protection in the Agva area. The municipality of Sile began working on an intensive mission to guarantee this plant’s durability. Also the ecologists in Agva are working towards the same goal. To prevent any harm to this plant due to their rarity in our country, they are being surrounded with guard bands, the beaches are under new regulations and the workers have been informing the community about their importance.

* We would like to thank the municipality of Sile and Agva Association of Tourism for their sensibility on the subject.




Another plant in danger of extinction is the snowdrop, which belongs to Amaryllidaceae family. For years, this plant has been being cultivated in the Toros Mountains and the Black Sea region in order to be exported to the Netherlands. At present, the exportation of these plants is limited.



Crocus is a perennial, tuber plant with yellow or blue flowers. Depending on their species, these plants bloom in spring or fall. The ones that bloom in spring have long flower tubes growing under the soil. The flowers close at night or during bad weather. Crocus is native to Alps, South Europe and the Mediterranean. Due to its rich flowers, this is a highly desired plant by gardeners.


In Turkey, the tubers of the plant can be eaten raw or after being cooked in cinder. Crocus rice, crocus dish and crocus with milk are some of the meals that can be cooked with crocus. Black Region people coat the plant with flour and fry it.


Commonly known as hellebores comprise approximately 20 species in the family Ranunculaceae and is native from mid, south and east Europe to Caucasus. In Turkey the known species are hellebores orientalis and hellebores argutifolius.



Ruscus aculeatus is a plant, which does not lose its leaves in winter, growing to 30-100 cm. They have branched stems in the shape of an oval, 1-4 cm long. The fruit is a red berry.



These plants bloom in March. In this area it is also known as Yilgin. They are endemic to Mediterranean, Aegean, Thrace and Black Sea regions in Turkey and have many species, which bloom during spring and fall. Flowers are white and produce a rich nectar and pollen source for bees. Heather honey is an authentic, bitterish, quite thick and valuable type of honey.



Muscari is a genus of perennial bulbous plants native to Eurasia that produce spikes of dense, most commonly blue, urn-shaped flowers resembling bunches of grapes in the spring. Muscari originated in the Mediterranean basin, central and southern Europe, northern Africa, western, central and southwestern Asia (including Turkey and Greece). They usually have one or more narrow leaves, which arise from a bulb. The flowers appear in the spring and form a spike being held in a close or loose spiral around a central stalk. The flowers often become less tightly spaced as the flower matures. The flower color varies from pale blue to a very dark blue, almost black in some cases.


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